- Tapeworms (Cestodes)
|Roundworms (Toxocara sp.)|
|Hookworm (Ancylostoma caninum)|
|Hookworms on the mucosa of intestine|
|Tapeworms (Dipylidium caninum)|
- Platyhelmiths (Cestoda)
- It is also known as flatworm due to it segmented, flattened dorsoventrally
- This type of worms are hermaphrodite (they have both male and female organs).
- Dipylidium caninum
- Taenia taeniformis
|Flea (Ctenocephalides felis)|
Butt stratching is common sign observed in our pets. Reasons behind this is:
The proglottis (segment of the tapeworms) is actively crawls from anus, hence causing peranal discomfort.
Taenia taeniformis is less common tapeworms in cats. The intermediate host is mice. That's why it is highly recommended to de-worm our pets regularly especially if our pets is outdoor.
Infestation of Roundworms: Toxocariasis
There are four (4) routes of entry into the host (cat/dog)
It can be direct or indirectly:
1. Direct ingestion of developed eggs (containing the L2-the larva)
- via ingestion of milk (less than 4 months old kitten)--> ingested and develop into adult
- prenatal infection (from dam to fetus) via placenta/uterus
- ingestion of paratenic host such as rodents
- Hookworms is transmitted through:
- via ingestion of the third-stage larvae from a contaminated environment
- larval penetration of the skin,
- ingestion of other vertebrate hosts with infective larvae in their tissues. Dogs and cats may also become infected by eating cockroaches that contain infective larvae.
- Transmammary transmission of larvae from the bitch to pups
- Adult worms may live for 4 to 24 months in the small intestine.